TheÂ Red FortÂ (Hindi:Â à¤²à¤¾à¤² à¤•à¤¼à¤¿à¤²à¤¾,Â Urdu:Â Ù„Ø§Ù„ Ù‚Ù„Ø¹Ûâ€¬â€Ž) is a historicÂ fortÂ in the city ofÂ DelhiÂ inÂ India. It was the main residence of theÂ emperorsÂ of theÂ Mughal dynastyÂ for nearly 200 years, until 1856. It is located in the center of Delhi and houses a number of museums. In addition to accommodating the emperors and their households, it was the ceremonial and political center of the Mughal state and the setting for events critically impacting the region.
Constructed in 1639 by the fifthÂ Mughal EmperorÂ Shah JahanÂ as the palace of his fortified capitalÂ Shahjahanabad, the Red Fort is named for its massive enclosing walls of red sandstone and is adjacent to the olderÂ Salimgarh Fort, built byÂ Islam Shah SuriÂ in 1546. The imperial apartments consist of a row of pavilions, connected by a water channel known as the Stream of Paradise (Nahr-i-Bihisht). The fort complex is considered to represent the zenith of Mughal creativity under Shah Jahan,Â and although the palace was planned according to Islamic prototypes, each pavilion contains architectural elements typical of Mughal buildings that reflect a fusion ofÂ TimuridÂ andÂ PersianÂ traditions. The Red Fortâ€™s innovative architectural style, including its garden design, influenced later buildings and gardens in Delhi,Â Rajasthan,Â Punjab,Â Kashmir,Â Braj,Â RohilkhandÂ and elsewhere.
The fort was plundered of its artwork and jewels duringÂ Nadir Shah‘s invasion of the Mughal Empire in 1747. Most of the fort’s precious marble structures were subsequently destroyed byÂ the BritishÂ following theÂ Revolt of 1857.Â The forts’s defensive walls were largely spared, and the fortress was subsequently used as aÂ garrison.Â The Red Fort was also the site where the British put theÂ last Mughal EmperorÂ on trial before exiling him toÂ RangoonÂ in 1858.
Every year on theÂ Independence day of IndiaÂ (15 August), theÂ Prime MinisterÂ hoists the IndianÂ “tricolour flag”Â at the main gate of the fort and delivers a nationally-broadcast speech from itsÂ ramparts.